Economic Efficiency of the International Port System: An Analysis through Data Envelopment

  •  César Navarro-Chávez    
  •  América Zamora-Torres    


In this paper based on the methodology of analysis of Data Envelopment (DEA), the overall technical efficiency was determined, as the allocative efficiency and the economic efficiency for the 32 ports that handled the greater number of TEUs in the international context for 2012 according with the study of World Shipping Council (2014) and Manzanillo port that is the most representative of Mexico´s ports this indicator. The results shows that in general for 2012, most of the ports were characterized by low levels of economic efficiency, with the exception of Kobe, Japan; Tianjin, China; Hong Kong, China; and Shanghai, China that were efficient for this year. While the ports of Rotterdam, Netherlands; and Bremen-Bremerhaven, Germany distinguished themselves as the most inefficient. Regarding Manzanillo port, Mexico, was placed in an intermediate position reaching a value of 50.82 percent of economic efficiency.

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