A Cultural Contingency Model of the Effects of Leader-Society Value Congruence

  •  Ghulam Mustafa    
  •  Rune Lines    


Previous research on cross-cultural leadership has examined the effects of leadership-society congruence without
explaining how positive outcomes might result when there is a fit between leadership and societal culture, and
via which mechanisms the effects of such congruence are transmitted. We fill this gap by developing a culturally
contingency model of leader-society value congruence effects. First, we provide an account of the mechanisms
that help understand the relationships between leader-society value congruence and outcomes. Next, we develop
propositions to suggest how differences in societal values provide bases for predicting the strength of these
mediating mechanisms.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.