The Case for Country-specific Closed-end Funds Instead of Exchange-traded Funds

  •  C. Edward Chang    
  •  Thomas M. Krueger    


The performance of country exchange-traded funds and closed-end funds is investigated over the 2002 to 2011 period. Operating characteristics (i.e., expense ratios and portfolio turnover) and investment results (i.e., return, risk, and risk-adjusted return) are studied for investment funds with at least ten years of data. We find that although exchange-traded funds have significantly lower expenses, their performance is statistically worse than those of closed-end funds. Despite their accurate, widely-advertised claims to have lower annual expenses, investors would be wise to stay focused on the higher return (after deducting expenses) afforded by closed-end funds.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.