Doing Business in Emerging Market Economies: Challenges and Success Strategies for Western Multinational Corporations

  •  Ashford C. Chea    


The purpose of this paper was to investigate and analyze the negative impact of emerging economies’ institutional challenges on western multinational corporations (MNCs) operating there. The content analysis methodology was used. The paper reveals that emerging markets’ institutional voids affect western MNCs in terms of cost of doing business, strategy development and overall competitiveness. The conclusions derived from the analysis is that despite emerging economies investment opportunities, rapid economic and demand growth, their competitive landscape can negatively impact western MNCs ability to succeed in these markets. This is due to imprudent policies and inadequate governance structures implemented by emerging market policymakers. The article begins with a brief introductory background of emerging economies. This is followed by objectives of the paper, research method, and the theoretical underpinnings for the motivations of western MNCs to pursue overseas markets in emerging economies. It then provides an analysis of the role and significance of emerging economies in the global economy. This is followed by a critical review of MNCs strategies in emerging markets, and effects of emerging market institutional challenges on MNCs. Then, the implications for MNCs competitiveness in emerging markets are examined. Finally, recommendations for success for both prospective and current MNCs doing business in emerging economies are explored.

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