Sex Differences in the Impact of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist /Hip (W/H) Ratio on Patients with Metabolic Risk Factors in Baghdad

  •  Lujain Anwar Al-khazrajy    
  •  Yossif Abdul Raheem & Yossra Khalaf Hano    


The aim of the study: is to evaluate the impact of sex as variable in measuring waist / hip ratio as risk factor
predictor in patients with metabolic disease. Methodology: A longitudinal cross sectional study conducted on 234
patients with metabolic syndrome during 6 months duration, demographic data like Age and gender were recorded
for each patient, other measures like waist circumference, hip circumference, height, weight, according to
standards, & body mass index & waist/ hip ratio also calculated, blood tests including fasting blood sugar, lipid
profile were also measured to the sample.
Statistical analysis: Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages) and analytic
statistics (person correlation two ways (ANOVA) by SPSS, version 11. P < 0.05 was considered statistically
significant. Results: the mean age for male was 45.73(±7.83) years, while for female was 46.92(±7.83) years,
There was significant difference with W/H ratio 0.007 (-0.05 to -0.008) for both sexes. (91.03%) of the total
sample were having Diabetes mellitus&, (63.25%) of the sample were having hypertension Most of the
participants (85.74%) had no physical activity. A positive correlation was obtained between W/H ratio & BMI,
FBS, TG &HDL in male participants. the mean of W/H ratio in both gender as cross classified with Physical
Exercise, were the difference in mean is significantly associated Conclusion: WHR was significantly associated
with the risk of incident CVD events. These simple measures of abdominal obesity should be incorporated into
CVD risk assessments

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