Reporting on Adverse Drug Reactions: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice Among Physicians Working at Healthcare Institutions in Al-Buraimi Governorate-Oman

  •  Tablib Salim Al Kablani    
  •  Hilal Salim Al Shamsi    
  •  Abdullah Ghthaith Almutairi    


OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate postgraduate resident physicians’ knowledge, attitudes and practices related to reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs). It also aims to investigate the causes of poor ADR reporting and to suggest possible ways to improve the reporting methods.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire sought to obtain the physicians’ demographic characteristics, knowledge and practices in relation to ADRs and to identify the factors that affect and encourage ADR reporting. The questionnaire was distributed to physicians (n=117) working at governmental healthcare institutions in Al-Buraimi governorate in Oman.

RESULTS: The response rate was 80%. Median score for the knowledge components of ADR reporting was 5 (total score: 7); it was 5 (total score: 5) for the attitude components. No significant difference for the knowledge and attitude scores was found between gender, age group or physicians’ medical speciality. Eighty-four of the physicians (89.4%) knew about pharmacovigilance and serious ADRs. Eighty-eight of the physicians (93.6%) believed that reporting ADRs should be mandatory. No statistical differences were found between general practitioners and specialists who felt that ADR reporting should be either compulsory or voluntary (p=0.080). Seventy-eight of the physicians (83%) noted that the lack of awareness about the reporting procedures is the main reason for not reporting ADRs. In this regard, there were no statistically significant differences between physicians younger than 45 or older than 45 (p=0.835).

CONCLUSION: Deficits in the practice of ADR reporting can be resolved in the future only if all physicians in the healthcare profession are aware of the importance of reporting ADRs, the reporting system and their obligation to report ADRs.

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