Factors Associated With Access to Dental Services of Adults With Physical Disabilities in Thailand
- Nithimar Sermsuti-anuwat
- Sathirakorn Pongpanich
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with access to dental services of community-dwelling adults with physical disabilities in Thailand.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Center of Independent Living, community club for individuals with disabilities in Pathum Thani province, Thailand, in February 2018. Individual participants were interviewed by a trained interviewer using a structured questionnaire that consisted of (1) questions on demographic characteristics and (2) adapted questions that were based on the modified Penchansky and Thomas’s dimensions of access (accessibility, availability, acceptability, affordability, accommodation and awareness). Enter method of binary logistic regression analysis was used.
RESULTS: We included 198 individuals with physical disabilities. Most participants had not attended dental care services in the previous 12 months (77.3%) and gave negative responses for all questions regarding the dimensions of access. Although we did not observe any statistically significant differences in age and the six dimensions of access between participants who had attended at least one dental appointment and those who had not, in multivariate analysis, we found a statistically significant association indicated that participants who had education < primary were 3.35 times more likely to had not attended at least one dental appointment (p = 0.002).
CONCLUSION: Our findings have uncovered factors associated with access to dental services of community-dwelling adults with physical disabilities in Thailand. Individuals with physical disabilities are in need of oral health education programs regarding proper oral health behaviors such as regular dental services attendance, appropriate oral hygiene practices and dental care benefits.
(The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations)
Google-based Impact Factor (2021): 0.50
ih-index (December 2021): 59
i10-index (December 2021): 290
RG Journal impact: 1.26
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