Doktor Muda Competencies: Self-efficacy and Hand Washing Demonstration Skill among School Children in Malaysia

  •  Nor Asiah Muhamad    
  •  Pises Busu    
  •  Wee Lei Hum    
  •  Normi Mustapha    
  •  Suriyani Ali    
  •  Shahnaz Murad    
  •  Noor Aliza Lodz    
  •  Suraiya Syed Mohamed    


INTRODUCTION: “Doktor Muda” (DM) programme was developed by the Ministry of Health (MOH), Malaysia to train a group of pupils as peer educator for change in motivating and assisting their peers to adopt healthy practices especially in hand washing through good knowledge, positive attitude, high self-efficacy and skill to deliver health messages

AIM: This study aims to identify the association of socio demographic, knowledge, attitude, and practices with self-efficacy in proper hand washing.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire and observation checklists for hand washing demonstration skills.

RESULT: This study showed that the subjects` knowledge (16.7%), practice (23.8%) and self-efficacy (41.7) in proper hand washing were low. Significant association were found between gender (p=0.004), academic achievements (p=0.038) and practices (p=0.003) with self-efficacy in proper hand washing.

CONCLUSION: Various strategies are needed to strengthen DM role as peer educators and health change agents in school as levels of their knowledge, practice and self-efficacy were low.

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