Self-Reported Oral Hygiene Practices and Periodontal Status of Visually Impaired Adults

  •  Tuti Ningseh Mohd-Dom    
  •  Rokiah Omar    
  •  Nor Aida Abdul Malik    
  •  Khairunnisa Saiman    
  •  Nu'amirazura Rahmat    


 This study investigated self-reported oral hygiene practices and periodontal status of visually impaired adults. A
convenient sample of visually impaired adults who were trainees at the Malaysian Association for the Blind
(MAB) participated in the study. Data were collected through a face-to-face interview and clinical dental
examination. An assessment of visual acuity determined types of visual impairment. Thirty-nine adults were
examined (response rate=65.0%). Most were females (56.4%) and aged between 21-30 years (66.7%). About
half were blind, 20.5% had low vision and the rest had at least one eye with normal vision. Many reported to
brush teeth at least twice a day (82.1%), used toothbrush and toothpaste (97.4%) but hardly used dental floss.
Almost all had experienced symptoms like tooth sensitivity (53.8%) and inflamed and painful gums (43.6%).
Average percentage of sites with plaque and bleeding were 81.7%, and 35.1 respectively. Although good oral
hygiene practices were reported, periodontal status was poor and periodontal treatment needs were high.

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