Interaction of Lifestyle and Work Ability Index in Blue Collar Workers

  •  Saber Mohammadi    
  •  Mostafa Ghaffari    
  •  Alireza Abdi    
  •  Baharak Bahadori    
  •  Elham Mirzamohammadi    
  •  Mirsaeed Attarchi    


Background: Early labor force exit is one of the major problems worldwide. The present study investigates the relationship between work ability and lifestyle.

Methods: This study was conducted at a manufacturing plant in Tehran in 2012. All 851 male workers in this plant were included into the study and their work ability was assessed using the Work Ability Index (WAI). Based on the obtained scores, the participants were then classified into four work ability groups (poor, moderate, good, or excellent). Moreover, the participants’ lifestyles were studied in three areas, including physical activity, cigarette smoking, and Body Mass Index (BMI).

Results: The average work ability index score was 42.07, ranging from 7–48. Among the participants, 6.4% (43), 6.5% (44), 38.3% (259), and 48.8% (330) were in the groups with poor, moderate, good, and excellent work ability, respectively. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between work ability and lifestyle (cigarette smoking, BMI, and physical activity) even after adjustment for confounding variables (P<0.05).

Conclusions: According to the results of the present study, there might be a relationship between work ability and lifestyle (physical activity, BMI, cigarette smoking). Therefore, it is recommended to implement a lifestyle quality enhancement program to improve work ability in working environments.

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