Survey of the Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome and Myocardial Infarction in Hospitals of Urmia University of Medical Sciences
- K. Khademvatan
- V. Alinejad
- S. Eghtedar
- N. Rahbar
- N. Agakhani
Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between metabolic syndrome and myocardial infarction in patients admitted to the hospitals of Urmia University of medical sciences.
Methods: A case-control study population consisted of 172 patients with heart failure who were admitted to Seyedolshohada Hospital. In this method, the researchers present in the units and along with demographic questionnaire of patients, laboratory results needed for the survey (fasting blood glucose, triglycerides and HDL) with waist circumference size, blood pressure, height and weight were examined. Data after collection were analyzed using SPSS statistical software.
Results: In this study of 172 patients with myocardial infarction, 56 patients (38.4%) patients were females and 112 (17.9%) were males. 1.2% of the patients were single, 84.8% were married, 0.6 were divorced and 13.5% were widowed, 116 patients (67.4%) with features of metabolic syndrome and 56 patients (32.6%) were lacking. In this study, females with myocardial infarction had more metabolic syndrome than males and in people whom relatives have a history of heart disease and also people who are overweight as well as obesity and also have features of metabolic syndrome and mean profiles of HDL, LDL, BMI, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride and waist circumference in males compared to males is higher. However, history of smoking, average number of cigarettes used per day, height and weight of males is higher than females.
Other findings indicate a significant relationship between age and sex and having or not having a family history of heart failure, having or not having history of certain drugs and BMI of patient with metabolic syndrome. But a significant relationship was not found between the marital status, education, residence, income, previous history of heart disease, PCI, LDL, history of drug use, type of infarction, the extent of ejection and location with syndrome patients. In terms of survival, because none of the subjects in the study period had expired, this extent was not quantifiable.
Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of this disorder in Iran and that the high incidence of serious effects imposes on the health care system and that these disorders are somewhat flexible, effort towards lifestyle changes particularly healthy diets, physical activity, weight management and blood pressure, especially in women should be considered.
(The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations)
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