The Frequency of Smoking and Common Factors Leading to Continuation of Smoking among Health Care Providers in Tertiary Care Hospitals of Karachi

  •  Muhammad Khan    
  •  Faizan Bawany    
  •  Muhammad Ahmed    
  •  Mehwish Hussain    
  •  Noreen Bukhari    
  •  Nighat Nisar    
  •  Maham Khan    
  •  Ahmed Raheem    
  •  Mohammad Arshad    


Background: The primary objective of the study was to find out the frequency of tobacco smoking among health care providers in tertiary care hospitals of Karachi. The secondary objective was to identify the common factors responsible for the continuation of smoking.

Method: This cross sectional study was conducted in the wards and out-patient departments of three selected tertiary hospitals of Karachi. A total of 180 health care providers were enrolled in the study using proportionate stratified sampling. Postgraduate students, house officers and trainees were excluded from the study. Data were collected from randomly selected health care providers using survey methodology. SPSS v. 20.0 was used to enter and analyze the data.

Results: Fifty two participants out of 180 were smokers for past one year (28.9%). Among them, 21 (11.7%) smoked more than 5 cigarettes per day. Twenty smokers (11.1%) were found to smoke due to peer influence. It was found that those who were influenced by their peers were 8.33 times more prone to be addicted to smoking than those who were less influenced. Similarly, the likelihood of addiction increased up to 76.9% with the lack of incentives.

Conclusion: Our results clearly indicate that a large number of health care providers smoke which should be a serious concern. Hence our health agencies should take immediate action in order to curtail the heaving burden of smoking and its related health consequences.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.