A Comparative Study of Self-Regulation in Substance Dependent and Non-Dependent Individuals

  •  Nour Mohammad Bakhshani    
  •  Mohsen Hosseinbor    


Background: Several factors influence the beginning and maintenance of substance use. The purpose of this study was to examine as well as to compare ‘self-regulation’ in both substance dependent and non-substance dependent individuals.

Method: In a cross-sectional study 228 (118 substance dependent and 110 with no history of using substance) participants aged 16-55 were recruited. All of the participants were asked to complete the Self-Regulation Inventory (SRI-25) and a demographic characteristics data checklist. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and the t-test.

Results: The results showed significant differences between substance dependent and non- substance dependent groups in all the scales of the self-regulation inventory including positive actions, controllability, expression of feelings and needs, assertiveness, and well-being seeking (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Self-regulation and self-control skills in drug dependent individuals are lower than those without substance dependence individuals. It is concluded that substance use may related to a deficiency in self-control and regulation of feelings. Therefore, for prevention and treatment of substance dependence disorder, it is necessary to work out and exploit strategies that include the improvement of self-regulation.

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