The Impact of Osteoarthritis on the Quality of Life of the Patient in the Kingdom of Bahrain

  •  Basem Ahmed Al Ubaidi    
  •  Ashwaq Ali Hassani    
  •  Mohamed Altigani Farahna    
  •  Haitham Adnan Alhammadi    


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability and a decline in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Healthcare professionals should prioritize the optimal measurement of HRQoL in patients with OA. To examine and assess the influence of Osteoarthritis on patients' quality of life in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In this cross-sectional study, a cohort of 149 individuals diagnosed with Osteoarthritis was included. Data related to QoL was collected by using Mini-Osteoarthritis Knee and Hip Quality of Life (Mini-OAKHQOL) and Western Ontario &McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The Spearman rank correlation test was used to assess the correlation between assessments on different instruments used in osteoarthritis patients. The study involved participants with a mean age of 56.7 ± 11.7 years. Most of the patients experienced extreme pain during prostrating in prayer time (45.6%), sitting (32.2%), and while doing heavy domestic duties (30.9%). The Cronbach alpha coefficients for Mini-OAKHQOL and WOMAC ranged from 0.83 to 0.89 and 0.85 to 0.96 respectively. Only a few demographic factors significantly and positively correlated with Mini-OAKHQoL. This study concludes that OA has a substantial impact on HRQoL. This study can benefit healthcare professionals and policymakers to develop specific interventions and public health initiatives to address the multifaceted nature of osteoarthritis and improve the lives of those affected.

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