Incidence of Recurrent Low Back Pain as a Side Effect of Decompressive Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis in Obese Versus Non-Obese Patients

  •  Abdullah Ali Alzahrani    
  •  Mohammad Abdullah Alhasani    


Studies have reported an increased incidence of recurrent post-decompression-associated lower back pain (LBP) among obese patients after Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) surgery. Higher prevalence of lower back pain (LBP) associated with post-decompression surgical treatment among obese or overweight female patients compared to male patients. The current study has aimed to examine the relationship between body composition and long-duration consequences of post-spinal decompression among the Saudi population. This retrospective, longitudinal study was conducted at Taif Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), throughout ____2010-till 2015 ____. Chronic pain grade questionnaire for assessing lower back pain and any disability among post-decompression participants. The chi-square test was used to analyze independent variables, and an independent t-test was employed to detect variances between mobility, age, education, body composition, and emotional disorders. The adjustment of age, education, mobility, emotional disorder, and BMI was examined through multivariate analysis. Highly a statistically substantial difference between obese and non-obese with regard to age, emotional distress, low mobility, Body mass index (BMI), mean estimated flow of blood (p-value <0.000), and hospitalization (p-value <0.002). The results showed a statistically substantial relationship between the degree of pain and disability with patient weight (p-value: 0.05), body mass index (p-value: 0.03), and Fat mass/fat-free mass ratio (p-value: 0.05). Clinical improvement is observed in obese patients post decompression surgical intervention, but the percentage of improvement was significantly higher among the male gender compared to female obese patients.

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