Improving Global TBI Tracking and Prevention: An Environmental Science Approach

  •  Mara Chen    
  •  Karl Maier    
  •  Donna Ritenour    
  •  Christina Sun    


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has grown to pandemic proportions, placing a significant burden on global public health, socio-economic condition, and human capital resources. This paper examines the global spatial distribution of TBI using currently available data from research studies to advance a comprehensive review of TBI that integrates geospatial and environmental perspectives. It reveals significant geographic differences and socioeconomic gaps in global TBI incidence tracking, prevalence, and mortality rates. It proposes an environmental science approach to improving public awareness, tracking and prevention of TBI through the integration of environmental data using GIS. The use of GIS for accurate location-based mapping and integrated analysis of environmental data subsequently helps reveal risk factors for targeted research, education outreach, and more effective public health policy and preventative measures.

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