Health Promotion Model for Improvement of the Nutritional Status of Children Under Five Years
- Fatimah Sari
- Bhisma Murti
- Endang Sutisna S.
- Kusnandar Kusnandar
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition problems in Indonesia are multidimensional problems that are influenced by several factors including economic, education, social culture, agriculture, and health. Nutrition problems reflect economic, political, and social crises as the root causes of malnutrition. This study formulates a health promotion model to improve the nutritional status of children under five years old.
METHOD: This type of research is quantitative with survey design and cross-sectional approach.
RESULT: This study produced a risk of children under five yearsexperiencing poor nutritional status with a history of illness.The risk of children under five yearsexperiencing undernourished nutritional status with strong health workers-cadre-family partnerships and strong family support. The risk of children under five years experiencing wasting nutritional status increases with a history of diarrheal disease. The risk of children under five yearsexperiencing wasting nutritional status decreases with strong health workers-cadre-family partnerships and strong family support. The risk of a child under five yearsexperiencing a stunting nutritional status increases with a history of diarrheal disease. The risk of children under five years old experiencing stunting nutritional status decreases with strong health workers-cadre-family partnerships and strong family support.
CONCLUSION: Nutritional status of children under five years (malnutrition, wasting and stunting) is affected directly and indirectly through the variables of family income, mother's knowledge, attitudes towards nutrition problems, environmental sanitation, social capital, health workers-cadre-family partnerships, family support, history of diarrhea disease and mother'seducation.
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