Diagnosing Hypertension Among Adults; A Study Based on Prevention-Management of Primary and Secondary Hypertension

  •  Mohamed Ombada    
  •  Mulham Ombada    


Hypertension is a great challenge for the public health professionals across the world, as it is a major risk factor leading to congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, retinopathy, and renal disease. Therefore, the study aims to diagnose hypertension among the adults in Al-Riyadh district, Khartoum state of Sudan. The study investigated the prevention and management of primary and secondary hypertension. A cross sectional population-based study was conducted among 138 adult individuals aged between 16 and 75 years. The participants were selected using random sampling technique and each participant completed self-administered questionnaire to assess the prevention-management of primary and secondary hypertension. The mercury sphygmomanometer with standard cuff was used to take measurement of arterial blood pressure. The diagnosis of hypertension among the adults showed that its prevalence in the area of Riyadh was 28%. The highest proportion of hypertension (13.7%) was recorded among the patients aged from 45 and 60 years. There was significant association of age (p-value = 0.001), social status (p-value = 0.001), stress (p-value = 0.010), and diabetes (p-value = 0.050) with hypertension. The present study has highlighted the significant factors associated with hypertension that encourages the public health professionals to carry out awareness and prevention programs.

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