A Study of Non-cognitive Variables of Academic Achievement at Higher Education: Nominal Group Study

  •  Muhammad Yousuf    
  •  Muhammad Imran    
  •  Muhammad Sarwar    
  •  Asif Ranjha    


This study aimed to focus the non-cognitive variables of academic achievement considered helpful for better performance at higher education. The study was conducted by applying the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) and fifteen university students were selected to participate voluntarily. The study was organized under NGT protocol of silent generation of ideas; sharing ideas (round robin process); group discussion; voting and ranking. Preferred ranking against thirty non-cognitive variables identified during NGT process were marked and arranged on the basis of mean values calculated for each item. High academic expectations among students was ranked as most preferred variable of their academic achievement at university level, whereas referencing the material and its citation was considered the least ranked item in this regard. This study provides the discussion about thirty factors as per its priority ranked by participants. The study recommends the guidelines for arranging better means of resources and services at large.

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