Religious Occupations in the Holy City of Jerusalem in the 18th Century A.D. and Their Role in the Social Life (1112-1214H) (1700-1800 A.D.)

  •  Asma Jadallah Khasawneh    


This study shows the types of religious jobs in the city of Jerusalem in the eighteenth century AD; whether they were religious scientific jobs such as the judiciary, religious advisory (Mufti) and elocution, or religious social jobs such as syndicate of supervision, or religious administrative jobs such as the chiefdom of Haram, Imamate, the presidency of muezzins, or social educational jobs and the most important one was reading of the Quran, the Quran interpretation and preaching. For analyzing data qualitatively, the researcher used two sources; records and historical books The current study also reveals that most of these jobs were inherited among the Jerusalem families, which led to social influence of these families inside or outside Jerusalem. This study is significant due to the lack of studies on Jerusalem in the eighteenth century. Most studies did not give a complete picture about the attitudes of people in Jerusalem. In addition, Jerusalem currently exposed to global attempts to deny the historical and religious rights of Jerusalemites in Jerusalem, and erased the Arabic Islamic identity of Jerusalem.

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