Development and Significance of Paternalistic Leadership Behavior Scale

  •  King-Ching Hsieh    
  •  Yin-Che Chen    


The purpose of this study is to explore the implications of paternalistic leadership behavior, developing and testing a paternalistic leadership behavior scale as well as confirming construct dimensions and questions that provide a basis for later quantitative studies. Research subjects included 402 current elementary school principals in four cities and counties in Taoyuan, Hsinchu, and Miaoli of Taiwan. The primary instrument was a “paternalistic leadership behavior scale” that was created following a process of observation and interviews. The scale initially included 9 dimensions and 48 questions. Reliability analysis and testing of the seven dimensions and 30 questions in the “paternalistic leadership behavior scale “showed that the Cronbach’s ? coefficients of the sub-scales and total scale ranged from 0.716 to 0.915, indicating good reliability for exploratory research. In addition to discussing the implications of scale-related topics and corrections to the initial scale, this study also introduces relevant suggestions for future research.

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