Study on Woolen Clothing and Pattern Unearthed in Zagunluk Cemetery in Qiemo County of Xinjiang

  •  Xiaojuan Mao    


Located in the western border of the motherland, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region used to be the hub of the ancient Silk Road. Known as Western Regions, it has created splendid multi-ethnic cultures with distinctive geographical features. With its multiple archeological resources, there are many exquisite historic relics unearthed here, which shocked the world, with woolen fabrics as the most characteristic and the earliest fabrics. Zagunluk Cemetery witnessed sufficient unearthed fabrics in quantities and types. This paper focuses on woolen clothing and accessories and their patterns unearthed in Zagunluk Cemetery, Qiemo County, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Zagunluke woolen clothing and accessories reflect the circumstances of evolving weaving technologies in ancient Xinjiang. These woolen clothing and accessories were daily necessities of ancestors of Zagunluk, witnessing their material and cultural life. This paper analyzes about 20 typical woolen clothes and accessories, attempting to find out the characteristics of woolen fabric patterns and their formation background.

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