Designing Project-Based Learning (PjBL) Activities for Art and Design E-Portfolio Using Fuzzy Delphi Method as a Decision Making

  •  Syamsul Nor Azlan Mohamad    
  •  Mohamed Amin Embi    
  •  Norazah Nordin    


The present article’s is to propose the Fuzzy Delphi as a method of decision making in designing Project-based Learning (PjBL) activities for art and design courses. In this study, 22 experts in Project-based learning involved in the in-depth interview and online responses to reach the validity and conformability of the themes and elements. The experts participated in this study involves local and international perspectives that contribute to the best idea and practices by their respective institution. The selection of decision-making will reflect the e-Porfolio users which purposely design for art and design courses. As arise in this study, the Fuzzy Delphi will determine the best practices of the pedagogical strategy to be infused in e-Portfolio system. The project-based learning activity is proposed to ensure the learners can gradually develop a higher order thinking skills with the activities equivalent to their capability and ability to complete the task given. ings indicated a significant negative link existed between family cohesion, family adaptability and cigarette smoking behaviour. The findings were also indicative of the existence of significant moderating function of self-efficacy regarding the effect of family adaptability and family cohesion on cigarette smoking behaviour amongst youngsters. The results contribute to the body of knowledge by introducing readers to the important roles of family environment and self-efficacy in preventing the adolescents from exhibiting cigarette smoking behaviour amongst youngsters. 

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