Comorbidities of Children with Intellectual Disabilities

  •  Galiya S. Shubayeva    
  •  Aisulu A. Tayzhan    
  •  Dinar K. Baydosova    


The article presents a review of literature about health of children with intellectual disabilities (ID), as well as the results of own research. Altogether 73 children with intellectual disabilities of primary school age were involved in research process. In process their health groups and characteristic of comorbidity were described. Revealed that the majority of children surveyed were from group II health (63%) children with health group III accounted for 34% of children with health group IV-3%. In 33% of children with intellectual disabilities were observed these types of neurological disorders like hypertension-hydrocephalic syndrome (50%), microcephaly (17%), inorganic enuresis (13%), hydrocephalus (8%), convulsions (4%), hemiparesis (4%), asthenic-neurotic syndrome (4%). If you stay at the co-morbidity in children with intellectual disabilities, they were registered in 48 (66%) children, which is about 2/3 of all surveyed. It is typical for children with intellectual disabilities and is consistent with the literature. The most frequent chronic inflammatory diseases, moreover observed heart disease, eye disease, deficiency conditions, genitourinary system diseases, musculoskeletal and digestive systems, hearing disorders, skin disorders. To sum up, the conclusions that requires special attention to the health of children with intellectual disabilities and comprehensive measures to strengthen it, as well as the need for further such research.

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