State Policy on Institutionalization of Trusteeship in the Educational Sphere

  •  Svetlana Dmitrievna Galiullina    
  •  Shamil Zufarovich Valiev    
  •  Oksana Mikhailovna Ivanova    
  •  Larisa Mikhailovna Bilalova    


The objective of the article is to consider the historical experience of formation and successful functioning of theinstitution of trusteeship in the educational sphere of the Russian empire in the nineteenth – beginning of thetwentieth centuries. Historically Russia faced the necessity to speed up the paces of developing and raising thequality of public education. With this purpose the system of 15 educational districts headed by trustees wasformed, which comprised 14 university complexes with composite educational infrastructure.The principles of historicism and dialectic materialism, objectivity, scientific reliability and chronologicalsequence are the methodological base of the research. The method of interdisciplinary integration, use ofknowledge of such sciences as sociology, psychology, pedagogy, political science and law has also beenefficient. The following sources have been used: legislative acts, reference and statistical materials as well asmaterials of periodical press have been used.The necessity of reviving the institution of trusteeship and educational districts headed by trustees at thebeginning of the nineteenth century as a governmental initiative in solving the state policy in the conditions ofreforms in the educational sphere has been substantiated. The significance of a state official – Trustee of aneducational district, who had legal status, has been shown. It allowed to reform the educational sphere in a shortperiod of time. All the above mentioned was the power and force of the state system of administratingeducational institutions both in central and regional systems.

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