The Development of the Black Sea Straits Regulation of International Navigation

  •  Roman Dremliuga    


The Black sea straits as part of significant sea root were long time targets of the international politics and law.Regime constructed by Montreux Convention of 1936 was stable during decades but since 90-s Turkeyunilaterally changed the rules. Objectively the new Turkish Regulations were a big step to prevent pollution, toimprove the safety of vessel traffic and to ensure the safety of navigation through the mentioned straits. But itstill has problematic provisions that breach the Montreux convention and modern principles of the law of theinternational navigation. Author tries to find limits established by the international law in this area becauseenvironmental reasons should not justify unjust actions. The Black sea straits case shows us how it is difficult tofind balance between claims of user states and littoral states.

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