A Shariah Perspective Review on Islamic Microfinance

  •  Shaheen Mansori    
  •  Chin Sze Kim    
  •  Meysam Safari    


Islamic micro finance is a growing industry in several Muslim countries such as Bangladesh, Nigeria, andMalaysia. Islamic microfinance is at the heart of Islamic finance as it addresses one of the fundamental roles offinancial intermediaries demanded by Shariah. Over the past few decades, many initiatives have taken place toalleviate poverty in Muslim countries. This paper provides the Islamic thoughts and motives behind theseinitiatives and then, it discusses the mechanisms proposed by Islam to improve the life of poor, prevent them tobecome poor, and also to improve the general economic relations among members of society. Later on,mudarabah, Musharakah, murabahah, Ijarah, and qard al-hasan are discussed as different types of Shariahcompliant contracts that can be used as the base of micro financing business model.

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