Can Indonesia Cocoa Farmers Get Benefit on Global Value Chain Inclusion? A Literature Review

  •  Irfan Nabhani    
  •  Arief Daryanto    
  •  Machfud Yassin    
  •  Amzul Rifin    


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the potential benefit of Indonesia cocoa farmers in the global value chain inclusion. The fact that there is a gap between international price and farmer’s price is due to existence of power asymmetry especially on supply side. This paper uses global value chain perspective and the existence of internet innovation in food supply chain network by reducing the power asymmetry with a benchmark from developed and emerging market. We recommend some issues need to be intervened and resolved by the government, before the farmers could benefit on global value chain inclusion by internet adoption. On the other hand, telecommunication infrastructure deployment and increasing internet penetration are the necessity, and education on benefit of ICT inclusion in daily operation is becoming the next step. This conclusion supports the role of ICT in agriculture which is providing access to the market, financial inclusion, and access to technology.

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