An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Rice Production in Indonesia

  •  Unggul Heriqbaldi    
  •  Rudi Purwono    
  •  Tri Haryanto    
  •  Martha Ranggi Primanthi    


The objectives of this paper are to estimate technical efficiency in rice production and to assess the effect offarm-specific socio-economic factors on the technical efficiency using survey data from 15 provinces inIndonesia, collected in 2008. A stochastic frontier production function model is used to estimate the technicalefficiency of rice farms in each province, and using the model, the influence of socio-economic factors onefficiency is also measured. This study finds that there is a sizeable degree of variation of inefficiency betweenthe 15 provinces. It also finds that factors like land size, income and source of funding are influentialdeterminants of technical efficiency. In terms of age, it also found that younger farmers tend to be more efficient.Expanding the agricultural area, especially outside Java and Sumatera Islands, improving farmers’ income andgiving an incentive to young people to work in the agricultural sector will enhance technical efficiency and thusproductivity, as well as the overall rice output.

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