The Mean Difference of Religiosity between Residents of Rural Areas and Urban Areas of Mahmoudabad City

  •  Hedayat Allah Nikkhah    
  •  Mostafa Zhairi nia    
  •  Soheil Sadeghi    
  •  Maryam Fani    


The main objective of this research is to study the mean difference of religiosity between the residents of rural areas and urban areas of Mahmoudabad City. For the measure of religiosity, Glock and Stark's (1965) model of religiosity is used. For the analysis of the theoretical perspectives, theories of IbnKhaldun, Tonnies, Durkheim, Giddens and Martin are used. The statistical population of the research consists of samples are 400 people. Half of the sample is from rural areas and the other half are from urban areas. This research is conducted based upon survey. The data obtained from the survey is described and analyzed by using SPSS software. The statistical methods are demonstrated and analyzed in two parts of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The findings of the research show that there is a significant difference in belief and ritual dimensions of religiosity between rural residents and urban residents. The levels of belief and ritual dimensions of religiosity are higher in rural residents in comparison with urban residents. In addition, among sub-dimensions of ritual religiosity, only intellectual religiosity has no significant difference between rural and urban residents. Moreover, the level of religiosity of total urban residents and rural residents has a significant difference and the level of religiosity in rural residents is higher than urban residents.

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