Express Assessment of the Students' Adaptive Abilities and Revealing of the Risk Group

  •  Mishchenko Natalia Vladimirovna    
  •  Trifonova Tatiana Anatolievna    
  •  Klimov Ivan Alekseevich    


The educational process in the higher educational establishments should contribute to the formation of theindependent, initiative, creative and healthy personality. However, some students have different functionaldisturbances during the education, their health can worsen. The aim of this investigation is the expressassessment of the regulatory body systems conditions of the students of different year in Vladimir StateUniversity and revealing of the risk group of students, who are exposed to the adaptive processes disorders,basing on the heart rate variability analysis. The students of different specializations at the age of 17 to 22 fromVladimir State University were examined. Total amount was 200 people, among which there were: 100 girls and100 boys. Software and hardware complex "Zdorovie-express" was used; there were determined heart ratevariability values, which were used to calculate the complex index of the regulatory body systems activity aswell as to assess general cardiac output using the indices of the heart rate, pulse and cardiac muscle. Theconducted investigations show high effectiveness of use of regulatory body systems activity index for theexpress assessment of the students' adaptive abilities and revealing risk groups. The acquired results speak forthe fact that the load, suffered by the students in the process of education in the university, is a sufficient stressorand can result in the significant strain of the regulatory body systems for the most part of students (67%) and 14%of students are in the risk group which is characterised by the overstrain of the regulatory body systems anddifferent stages of adaptation failure. Aggravation of the adaptation mechanism was noted by the 4th year ofstudy. These results can be used for optimization of the educational process in the higher educationalestablishments as well as for the organization of the preventive works among students, correct organization ofthe sanitary measures.

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