Cognitive States in Educational Activity of Students: Structural-Functional Aspect

  •  Alexander Oktyabrinovich Prokhorov    
  •  Albert Valentinovich Chernov    
  •  Mark Gennadjevich Yusupov    


Modern educational systems are aimed at not only knowledge acquisition, but also at intellectual development ofyoung people, including the ability of self-regulation of cognitive activity. That is why the knowledge ofstudents about cognitive states, strengthening the availability of subjective experience, promoting maximumproductiveness of cognitive processes gain great significance. The ability to control these states influencesdirectly on the development of cognitive abilities of students and the success of their study in whole. Thepurpose of this article is to study the structure and functions of typical cognitive states, emerging in the course ofstudents' educational activity. By means of the procedure of factor analysis, there were revealed fourindependent factors, underlying the structure of cognitive states. It was shown that the factor of metacognitiveregulation of cognitive activity acts as a leading one in the structure of states. In comply with the peculiarities ofstructural organization, there were distinguished the regulating, activating and directing functions of cognitivestates.

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