The Organization of the Training of Technical College Students Using Practice-Oriented Tasks

  •  Evgeny V. Politsinsky    
  •  Larisa G. Demenkova    


Physics and chemistry are the comprehensive basis for the training of a modern engineer. The most importanttype of learning activities for the students is to solve problems. The purpose of this paper is to generalize andsystematize the experience of increasing the motivation of students of technical training areas for the study offundamental scientific disciplines using practice-oriented tasks. We identified the following educationalfunctions of teaching objectives: cognitive, developing, a feature of the unity of theory and practice,demonstration of interdisciplinary links, assessment of the quality of students' knowledge. This article describesthe experience of using a practice-oriented task in the training of technical fields and specialties students, thestages of the developed method of teaching students to solve problem are described and substantiated. Thismethod contains the following steps: 1) preparatory 2) developing an algorithm for problems of this type, 3)diagnostics and teaching them the unformed actions, 4) solving problems 5) control and reflective. In addition,the article provides guidelines for the organization of the students' activities for designing practice-oriented tasks.It also gives the results of diagnosis of individual psychological characteristics of students personalities, whichdemonstrates not only an increase in their learning motivation, but also the broadening of their outlook, thegrowth of interest in life, in the future professional activity. It is shown that the practice-oriented approach makesit possible to successfully carry out activities to build students skills and abilities to solve problems, it alsoallows to increase their learning motivation, it favors the development of creative personality, which can be indemand in the labor market in the future. However, the main motives of choosing the profession changes: thecognitive and creative begin to dominate instead of the material and the level of succeed motivation increases.

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