Evaluating the Development Degree of Qazvin Province Counties Using the Factor and Cluster Analysis

  •  Fatemeh Shahriar    
  •  Mehdi Momeni    
  •  Majid Montazeri    
  •  Alireza Freidooni    


Regional planning results from spatial development and economic planning in order to construct a co-ordinateand balanced construction in the regions and districts and to reduce regional imbalances by three elements ofspace, activity and human. Hence, it is crucial to realize the regional discrepancies and to understand theirpotential and weaknesses and to distinguish regional imbalances to establish a comprehensive socio-economicplan in the region. By employing quantitative methods and criteria for classification, the researcher intends torecognize, decrease and eliminate the existing inequalities .The current paper is going to specify the developmentdegree of the counties of Qazvin province using the descriptive analysis approach. The researcher has used 48development indices in population, infrastructure, economic- social, cultural and hygienic fields which havebeen extracted from statistical annals of 2011. The researcher has applied the main elements on the correlativecoefficient of the data, and then employed SPSS to analyze these indices and classified them into fourmeaningful and significant categories which contain 100% data processing. The results show that Qazvin is themost developed county and Takestan, Bouein Zahra, Abyek and Alborz have respectively been ranked fromsecond to fifth counties which are benefited from development factors. Then, regarding the development level,the researcher has used cluster analysis approach and classified the above mentioned counties in three equalgroups. Qazvin has been the most developed and is placed in the first group, and then Takestan and BoueinZahra have been classified in the second group (nearly developed) after that Abyek and Alborz are the leastdeveloped and have been placed in the third group for which cluster dendogram has been drawn.

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