Categorizing and Fixing Variables on Entrepreneurial Intention through Qualitative Research

  •  Muhammad Amsal. S.    
  •  Dileep Kumar M.    
  •  Subramaniam Sri Ramalu    


Many policies and regulations have been made by Indonesian Government to enhance the quality of graduates in higher education. Numerous programs have been launched to build the mentality and business awareness of university students such as National Science Fair (PIMNAS), Student Entrepreneur Program (PMW), Student Creativity Program (PKM), Business Incubation Program and many other programs that can enhance the propensity of the students to start up a business. However, there are only 17% of the graduates who are willing to become entrepreneurs each year. This indicates that students have a lack of intentions to become entrepreneurs. However, there is less research and literature to support the argument that the students do not have entrepreneurial intention. In order to explore the entrepreneurial intention among the Indonesian students graduating universities and business schools from a qualitative study was conducted. The methodology used to develop an appropriate variable for entrepreneurial intention is focused group discussion (FGD), case analysis, interviews and Delphi technique measures the student's entrepreneurial intention. There are 20 experts were willing to take part in this study and the study identified 4 factors that eventually suit the student desire to deal with entrepreneurship. This study gives a valuable contribution to the higher education institutions, to orient the students to become entrepreneurs through right grooming by ensuring better entrepreneurship program as well as the curriculum.

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