Usage of Learning Management System (Moodle) among Postgraduate Students: UTAUT Model

  •  Arumugam Raman    
  •  Yahya Don    
  •  Rozalina Khalid    
  •  Mohd Rizuan    


The application of a learning management system (LMS) Moodle is learning and teaching platform in Universiti Utara Malaysia. To examine the level of acceptance of this technology, the UTAUT (Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology) Model is used to infer individual students’ technology acceptance by explaining the variants in Behavior Intention (BI). This study is conducted on 65 postgraduate students pursuing their study at UUM. The students are all studying the same course and they are exposed to the application of LMS known as ‘Moodle UUM Learning Zone’. A set of questionnaire, in the UTAUT Model which is developed by Venkatesh et al. (2003), is used to collect data which is then descriptively analyzed by using IBM SPSS Statistics Version 20 and SmartPLS 2.0. The findings of the study found that Performance Expectancy (PE) (?=0.418, p<0.01), Social Influence (SI) (?=0.238, p<0.01) and Facilitating Conditions (FC) (?=0.120, p<0.01) have positive influence towards ‘Behavioral Intention’ (BI). The value R2 = 0.520 showed that 52.0% of the variants in the application of Learning zone can be explained by Behavioral Intention (BI). Consequently, the result related to moderator influence in terms of gender showed that all the four UTAUT Model constructs failed to reject HO5. The results also showed that moderator influence in terms of gender with PE, EE, SI and FC does not have significant positive influence towards BI. The findings of this study which are hoped to help encourage instructors and students to use this technology in their learning and teaching processes, have proven that LMS ‘Moodle’ is beneficial and effective for learning and teaching processes.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.