Hope and Its Relation to Suicidal Risk Behaviors among Malaysian Adolescents

  •  Choon Min Wai    
  •  Mansor Abu Talib    
  •  Siti Nor Yaacob    
  •  Tan Jo Pei    
  •  Hamidin Awang    
  •  Sallahuddin Hassan    
  •  Zanariah Ismail    


Suicide is an epidemic issue worldwide and Asian countries are of no exception. In Malaysia, adolescent suicide constituted 10% of the overall reported suicide cases. Aforementioned, the current study examines Snyder’s theory of hope to understand suicidal risk among Malaysian adolescents. A total of 1441 adolescents were recruited using a multistage cluster sampling. Results showed significant relationship between both agency and pathway thinking with risk of suicidal behavior. Specifically, only agency thinking uniquely predicts adolescents’ suicidal risk in a regression model. Adolescents with higher motivation towards accomplishing a goal or plan have lower risk engaging in suicidal behaviors. Thus, suicide prevention focusing on increasing hope is significantly important. Limitations were discussed in the study.

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