S. Khojanov and the Phenomenon of National Communism in Central Asia and Kazakhstan in the 20-Ies. XX Century

  •  Abikey Arman Muratuly    
  •  Tursun Hazretaly    


This article tells about phenomenon of national communism in Central Asia and Kazakhstan in the 20-ies, XX century on the example of the politician was Sultanbek Khojanov. S. Khojanov was one of the notorious national communists, who left a bright mark in the history of the Soviet Central Asian Republics and Kazakhstan. S. Khojanov’s main activity, as a national communist, traces back to 1920-1925; that is, when the republics of the Soviet type were created in the Soviet East. As a former representative of the opposition to the tsarist regime, and later-to Bolshevism, Khojanov joins the Bolshevik Party after defeat of the opposition, actively protecting the interests of indigenous people.Due to the acute shortage of educated people among indigenous people, as well as due to his active work, Khojanov finds himself in the top echelons of power of the Turkestan ASSR in a short time. He was the head of the People’s Commissariats for Internal Affairs, Education, and Agriculture during the period from 1920 to 1924. He also became a deputy chairperson of the Central Executive Committee of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. After disengagement of TASSR, he was appointed the Second Secretary of the Regional Party Committee of the Kazakh SSR in September 1925.Under his leadership, the year 1921-1922 was held in Turkistan land reform. As a result of reforms in favor of the indigenous inhabitants of the land were seized Russian immigrants captured during the colonization of tsarist Russia.The culmination of his political activity has become a social and political activity in Kazakhstan, where clearly expressed its position as a national-communist.

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