Philosophy of Education in Indonesia: Theory and Thoughts of Institutionalized State (PANCASILA)

  •  Dwi Siswoyo    


This study proposes for the urgency of the Ideal Image of Indonesian People (Citra Ideal Manusia Indonesia) in the Philosophical Constructs of Pancasila National Education in the Indonesian Philosophical Construct of National Education. Indonesian Philosophical Construct of National Education is expected to be a dynamic and contextual frame in the development of theory, praxis education system and nationality, as well as a reference in solving problems of national education from a philosophical point of view. This type of study is a philosophical study, namely hermeneutical studies. The objective of this study is the works of "founding fathers" (especially Bung Karno) of Pancasila, and the works of Ki Hajar Dewantara, Notonagoro and Driyarkara about the Pancasila philosophy, about education and nationality, and a dialogue with the works of other relevant figures, and a reflection on the various national education philosophical issues. The methodology used is hermeneutical dialectic. The results of the study show the Urgency Pancasila as a basic philosophy for Indonesian nation. The ideal image of Indonesian human is the central focus of development and implementation of Indonesian national education system. The concept of the ideal image can be constructed by the Philosophical Construct of Pancasila National Education. Pancasila was propagated by Bung Karno and contains the values of the ideal and quite remarkable superiority as the basic philosophy of the state which to date its earnest practice has not been matched in various fields of life. Pancasila need to be supported with efforts by the construct of national education philosophy of Pancasila, and the ideal image of the Indonesian people.

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