Relationship between Motivational Factors and Job Performance of Employees in Malaysian Service Industry

  •  Mohammad Saeid Aarabi    
  •  Indra Devi Subramaniam    
  •  Abu Baker Almintisir Abu Baker Akeel    


Recent developments in service industry have heightened the need for motivating employees. The aim of this study was to have better understanding on factors of employee motivation and their association with job performance in Malaysian servicing organizations. The dependent variable in this study is job performance. The independent variables are motivational factors namely payment, job security, promotion, freedom, friendly environment and training. A correlation research design was used in this study. Survey method was used to collect data. The research instrument was a structured questionnaire. A convenience sampling technique was used to select the respondents for this study. A total of 130 employees of service organizations constituted the sample. The results showed that among the motivational factors, two variables were found to be significant predictors of job performance. Training contributed 40.4% to job performance while promotion contributed an additional 3%. An interesting finding of the research is that intrinsic motivational factors are considered more important compared to extrinsic motivational factors such as payment, job security, and friendly environment. Freedom an intrinsic variable however was not found to be significantly related to job performance.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.