Institutional Influence in Pakistan: Bureaucracy, Cabinet and Parliament

  •  Mahboob Hussain    
  •  Rizwan Ullah Kokab    


This paper discusses the mutual relationship of some important institutions of the state of Pakistan; the institutions of bureaucracy, cabinet, chief executive and the parliament. It observes the domination of the one over the other. The discussion covers the period from 1947 to 1977. The analysis highlights the strong domination of Chief Executive over the bureaucracy and cabinet. The paper then examines the power and influence of the parliament which were weaker than those of bureaucracy and cabinet. The findings have been made through the analysis of the events, the quotations from some reliable research works, statements of various key leaders and debates in the Assemblies.

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