School Location and Academic Achievement of Secondary School in Ekiti State, Nigeria

  •  Joseph Sunday Owoeye    
  •  Philias Olatunde Yara    


The study looked at the location of schools as it relates to academic performance of students in Ekiti state of Nigeria between 1990 and 1997. The study population was results of the West African School Certificate Examinations (WASCE) conducted between 1990 and 1997 in 50 secondary schools in both rural and urban areas of the state. One validated instrument “Student Location Questionnaire (SLQ)” was used for data collection. One hypothesis was formulated and answered. Data were analysed using mean and t – test. The results showed that there was a significant differences between students’ academic achievement of rural and urban secondary schools in senior school certificate examinations (t=2.73, p<0.05). The study has proven that students in urban areas had better academic achievement than their rural counterpart. It is recommended that Government should bridge the gap between the rural and urban locations by providing the rural dwellers the social amenities which will enhance better academic performance of students in their final examinations like the SSCE. The community should assist the government by providing taxis and buses to facilitate movement of teachers and students to their school. Adequate incentives should be provided to rural area teachers to encourage them to put in their best to remain in their duty stations.

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