Effect of Corporate Financial Leverage on Financial Performance: A Study on Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies in Bangladesh

  •  Ripon Kumar Dey    
  •  Syed Zabid Hossain    
  •  Rashidah Abdul Rahman    


The study strives to examine the effect of financial leverage on financial performance in a developing country context using two OLS regression models based on panel data consisting of 816 cases (48 companies x 17 years). Financial performance is measured using ROA, ROE, EPS, and Tobin’s Q, and financial leverage is measured using the debt-assets ratio and debt-equity ratio. It is observed that ROA and Tobin’s Q are negatively correlated with financial leverage, which is in line with the assumptions of the pecking order theory, market timing theory, and many empirical studies. However, financial leverage has a positive effect on ROE and no effect on EPS. These results are also consistent with the MM theorem, static trade off theory and many other empirical studies. Yet again, the two OLS models have put forward conflicting results while taking EPS as the dependent variable. The results corroborate the inefficient use of debt capital and suggest the need to improve the reliability of accounting information.

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