Thermodynamic Properties of the Harmonic Oscillator and a Four Level System

  •  Oladunjoye Awoga    
  •  Akpan Ikot    
  •  Aniesua Essiett    
  •  Louis Akpabio    


The thermodynamics properties of a quantum harmonic oscillator and four level oscillator systems are evaluated. These results lead to the exact value for the entropy of the system which corresponds to the second law of thermodynamics. We also show the numerical results for the harmonic and four level oscillators and it is in good agreement with the one obtained before in the literature.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

Journal Metrics

Google-based Impact Factor (2017): 3.90
h-index (November 2017): 17
i10-index (November 2017): 33
h5-index (November 2017): 12
h5-median (November 2017): 19

Learn more