Empirical Formula Prediction on Critical Impact Energy for Scabbing Phenomena on Concrete Structures

  •  Ismail Abdul Rahman    
  •  Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi    
  •  Qadir Bux alias Imran Latif    
  •  Muhammad Yusof Ismail    


Concrete is basic construction material used for numerous sort of structure. However, in the mainstream crucial structures have to be designed as self-protective such as nuclear plants, Power plants, Weapon Industries, weapons storage places, water retaining structures like dams, & etc., which provides protection against any tragedy incident or intentionally produced horrible incidents such as dynamic loading, incident occurs in nuclear plants, terrorist attack, war, missile attack, and etc. This paper questioningly is paying concentration on judgment on minimum required kinetic energy for scabbing on the concrete structures generated by flat nosed hard missile using curve fitting empirical study. Argue overcome from this newly developed empirical formula can be used for making design recommendations and design procedures for determining the dynamic reaction of the target to frustrate scabbing.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

Journal Metrics

Google-based Impact Factor (2017): 3.90
h-index (November 2017): 17
i10-index (November 2017): 33
h5-index (November 2017): 12
h5-median (November 2017): 19

Learn more