Characterization of Dark Energy and Derivation of Hubble’s Constant Using Harmonic Quintessence

  •  Andrew Worsley    
  •  James F. Peters    
  •  Joseph Worsley    


In this paper, using harmonic quintessence, it is shown that the fundamental parameterization of dark energy can be determined using Planck’s constant. This allows the derivation of the mass density, and in turn we obtain the energy density of dark energy. This characterization of dark energy also allows the derivation of an averaged value of Hubble’s constant, which is in keeping with results from the Planck telescope. It is also possible to confirm the vacuum electric permittivity, magnetic permeability and the field equations for dark energy and corroborate the continued expansion of the Universe. This establishes the fundamental element of the Universe, derived from Planck’s constant, as Harmonic Quintessence.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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