High Repetition-Rate Laser Z-Scan Measurements: Criterion for Recognizing Adverse Thermal Effects

  •  Raymond Edziah    


This study reports z-scan measurements in which high-repetition-rate and reduced repetition-rate (pulse-picked) laser beams were employed using a standard sample, carbon disulfide (CS2) contained in supposedly high damage-threshold spectroscopic-grade pristine fused-quartz cuvettes. The results suggest that at reduced repetition rates, the closed aperture z-scan profile for CS2 displays the expected configuration. However, at high repetition-rates the closed aperture z-scans are distinctly different resulting in unexpectedly large nonlinear refractive index of CS2 due to thermal effects that resulted in below-threshold laser-induced damage of the cuvettes. Normaski microscope images confirm the damage and open aperture z-scan study of the damaged fused-quartz cuvettes yielded about two orders of magnitude enhancement in the nonlinear absorption coefficient of silica. Based on these findings, the necessary criterion for recognizing below-threshold laser-induced damage in any high-repetition-rate laser z-scan measurement has been formulated in order to help avoid erroneous interpretation of the origin and strength of nonlinear response in such studies.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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