Geotechnical Properties of Some Coal Fly Ash Stabilized Southwestern Nigeria Lateritic Soils

  •  Emmanuel Okunade    


This study on stabilization of tropical lateritic soils using self-cementing coal fly ash evaluated the effects of the addition of self-cementing coal fly ash on the engineering properties of three lateritic soils from southwestern Nigeria. The engineering properties investigated were those normally involved in highway design and construction. Increasing percentages (by weight of dry soil) of coal fly ash, ranging from 0% through 15% in 2.5% increments, were added and the geotechnical properties assessed. It was observed, for all the soils, that increasing coal fly ash contents brought about increasing improvements in the plasticity and mechanical properties of the soils. When comparing the average value of the properties at 0% coal ash content to their average values at 12.5% coal ash content, there was a reduction in the liquid limits (from 39% to 33%), a reduction in the plasticity indices (from 15.3% to 9.3%), a reduction in the optimum moisture contents (from 15.8% to 9.7%) accompanied by an increase in the maximum dry densities (from 1920 to 2200 kg/m3), and an increase in the unsoaked CBR values (from 20% to 55.3%). For the stabilization of lateritic soils with coal fly ash, a coal fly ash of 12.5% by weight of dry soil was recommended because the improvements in the soil’s properties tapered off at about that percentage of coal ash content.

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