Relationship Between Accessibility to Polling Places and Electoral Abstention

  •  Diego Alexander Escobar    
  •  Santiago Cardona    
  •  Carlos Alberto Moncada    


One of the great factors to define the consolidation of democracy in the countries is to measure the percentage of electoral participation. For this reason, reducing abstention in electoral processes by increasing participation is one of the great challenges for the different countries that seek to move to full democracy. In this sense, Colombia has had a historical abstention of over 50% (period 1978 - 2018), which can be explained by various reasons such as the presence of the armed conflict or the remote location of some polling places. For this reason, this research seeks to analyze the location of the polling places in the urban area of Manizales and Villamaría, in order to quantify their accessibility through the pedestrian network and look at the population coverage, using the integral accessibility and the ordinary Kriging method as a predictive statistical geo method for the construction of the isochronous travel time curves.

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