The Flow Visualization CFD Studies of the Fuselage and Rolled-up Vortex Effects of the Chengdu J-10-like Fighter Canard

  •  Sutrisno .    
  •  Tri Rochmat    
  •  Setyawan Wibowo    
  •  Sigit Iswahyudi    
  •  Caesar Wiratama    
  •  Widia Kartika    


Fighter aircrafts with high maneuverability and swiftness are due to fuselage effects, caused by canard-fuselage-main wing configuration. Even though the flows around fighters are highly complex, mostly they create rolled-up vortices capable to delay stalls and increase maximum lifts (Calderon, Wang & Gursul, 2012; Mitchell & Delery, 2001; Boelens, 2012; Chen, Liu, Guo & Qu, 2015). The vortex dynamics analysis method employment is introduced, in this case we focus only on the fighter canard. It characterizes the vortex core, develops the pitching moment & main wing total lift, and exploits the vortex centre visualization, the strength, negative surface pressure and its trajectory.

This paper explains the influence of the fighter fuselage, it generates rolled-up vortex effects, causes the flow deflected by the fighter fuselage head, strengthen the vortex centre to become vortex core. Above the aircraft head, due to the curved contour head effect, the second vortex centers are developed makes the vortex center above the head more dynamic.

Comparing with fighter without fuselage, the flow property changes, for Chengdu J-10-like model with fuselage, are concentrated at the canard leading edge, where the negative pressures are stronger, since the maximum axial velocities of the vortex centre are higher, and give more distinctive vortex breakdown locations. 


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